The phrase “root canal” is often a dreaded one that is used as the topic of dark humor and that can often generate fear in the hearts of many dental patients. However, this need not be the case, as root canal therapy is a useful tooth-saving and sometimes even life-saving form of treatment. The tooth is composed of three layers, which are the outer enamel, the dentin, and the innermost pulp. The pulp is a soft layer that lies within the space known as the root canal. This space also contains the nerve of the tooth, which is no longer needed after it has emerged from the gums. This pulp and nerve can be removed during the root canal procedure without harming the tooth. Removal of the pulp is sometimes needed for therapeutic reasons.
Why a Root Canal is Needed
A root canal is sometimes needed because decay of the tooth, deterioration of a filling or trauma to the tooth have caused it to wear down to the point where the root canal is opened and the inner pulp becomes exposed. When this occurs, bacteria can get into the pulp and nerve, causing infection and sometimes great pain. There is inflammation and without treatment, an abscess can form, leading to further infection or even sepsis in which bacteria enters the bloodstream. In root canal therapy, the dentist removes the pulp and nerve and fills the root canal space with a special paste. This paste is biologically inert, so the body does not see it as foreign.
The Root Canal Procedure
Before the root canal procedure is started, an x-ray is taken to determine the extent of any infection and to see if it has invaded surrounding bone. A local anesthetic like Novocain is used to numb the area, and then a rubber dam is placed around the tooth to keep the tooth area dry during treatment and keep it from contamination with saliva. A hole is drilled into the tooth and the nerve and pulp are then removed. The inside of the root canal is then thoroughly cleaned, and then flushed out with a cleansing solution. Once that is done, the root canal can be sealed off with a paste called gutta percha. This latex-like material is produced from the sap of tropical trees. Once the tooth is sealed, a filling is placed, and then the remaining tooth can be restored with a crown if needed. The procedure itself is not usually painful, but a patient may experience pain if the pulp or nerve area is already badly infected.
Call to Schedule an Appointment With a California Root Canal Therapy Dentist Today
If you have a badly decayed or painful tooth that may have an exposed root canal, call to schedule an appointment with a California root canal therapy dentist today. The iSmile Dental Spa offers you expert root canal therapy for decayed or traumatized teeth in which the pulp is exposed. Our experienced professional staff can remove the infected material and make your tooth look like new. We serve Carmichael, Arden-Arcade, Rancho Cordova, Fair Oaks, North Highlands and surrounding communities. Check out our website at ismiledentalspa.com or give us a call at 916-979-7122 and let us evaluate your dental pain and get you on the road to recovery.